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Chicken Farm Lighting
Good lighting is essential in the success of a chicken and turkey commercial farm. The demand for food, including poultry, worldwide is expected to grow by 100% before 2030.
To meet this increasing demand, chicken farmers are adopting new techniques to increase poultry production. They need to do so at a reduced cost while increasing production and with less environmental stress. The focus must be on enhancing traditional factors like air conditions, watering, nutrients and food, housing and of course, lighting.
Light is an important aspect in today's commercial livestock and poultry farms. Chickens and turkeys respond positively to light in a variety of ways. These include growth and reproduction. Regulating the exposure to light is widely known as an effective means of stimulating reproduction and is used regularly by commercial poultry and farmers.
Many poultry producers still utilize old style incandescent and fluorescent lamps in their barns. These lamps are not ideal for chickens and turkeys. Their quality of light (CRI) does not mimic sunlight and is not necessarily the best light for animals. This is not the case with LED lighting for poultry houses.
Animals accustomed to life under the sunlight. Natural sunlight is different from that of incandescent light. Modern farm lighting system should attempt to mimic the sun’s spectrum.
Further, it is widely known that poultry houses must deal with ammonia. Having a light solution that is not well equipped to handle ammonia. Having a light that can handle ammonia and hot spray downs is essential. Once the lighting is purchased, it should operate flawlessly for years.
LED lights are the most efficient and environmentally friendly of all offered agricultural light options. They produce high quality white light perfect for indoor environments. By utilizing LED poultry lighting and taking advantage of the unique spectral requirements of poultry, farmers can reduce stress on their birds as well as reduce poultry mortality. With dimming, the can regulate circadian rhythms which leads to a substantially increase the production of eggs.
How much light is needed for poultry farm lighting?
Processors and breeders have clear requirements for both light intensity for brooding as well as light intensity for the growth of chickens and turkeys. This usually results in a general requirement of approximately 2-3 foot candles and above for brooding and 0.5 to 1 foot candle for growth. Ensuring that the appropriate poultry farm lighting system is designed is of the utmost importance.
The best color is typically a white light, about 5000K, that contains some blue spectrums. It should also be dimmable.
Clean the lights regularly, as often as every 2 weeks.
Mount the lights high enough to achieve good distribution
Ammonia Resistance Lighting
One of the important considerations with Livestock lighting is the ability to resist ammonia. Ammonia exists in indoor environments where livestock is held. It can significantly shorten the effectiveness of the light fixture. Ammonia can cloud lenses over time, thus reducing lumen output to a point where the light is not usable. Using a light that is Ammonia Resistant will greatly improve the longevity and usable life of the fixture in these environments.
Dairy Farm Lighting
Proper lighting in dairy facilities can have a substantial impact on milk product. In fact, a Michigan State University study showed that a well optimized light layout using LEDs was responsible for a nearly 8% increase in milk production. The facility had previously used metal halide fixtures instead of more efficient led cattle shed lighting. Not only did dairy production go up, but electricity costs went down.
LED lighting has the benefit of blue light which decreases melatonin production in cattle. Additionally research has shown that LEDs have a positive impact on the overall health of cows because the flickering that is commonly associated with traditional fluorescent fixtures is no long an issue. Reliable fixtures is a must when discussing cattle chute lights.
Brighter and more uniformly distributed LED cattle lighting allows farm workers to better manage their facility. No more plops piling up in some dark corner. This has the added benefit of reduced bacteria levels and better overall cleanliness. And while the livelihood of the animals is important, owners will be just as happy to know that their employees will be operating in a safer workplace.