Class 1 Div 1 LED Lighting
MyLEDLightingGuide offer's class 1 div 1 LED lighting fixtures that are designed to remain safe in hazardous environments.
Our Class 1 Div 1 LED lighting products have been designed and built to be used safely in the presence of hydrogen, acetylene and other petrochemicals & gas fumes. Commonly our class 1 div 1 lighting LED (C1D1) are used in petrochemical tanks, boat yards & marine applications, plants, oil rigs, spray paint booths, and more.
Our Class 1 Div 1 LED lights not only run safely in these dangerous & hazardous environments and are explosion proof, but they also reduce energy costs up to 75% and improve safety through high quality light output.
LED Lights For Class 1 Div 1
LED Class 1 Division 1 Lighting
Choosing the appropriate light fixtures for areas designated as hazardous is much harder than choosing lights for other commercial applications. There are a lot more considerations to keep in mind, not just the lumen output. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, commonly known as OSHA, has regulations for hazardous environment lighting that are very specific regarding the characteristics and features of lights allowed for use in such areas.
LED lighting designed for industrial use is usually the go-to lighting for industries. However, not all industrial quality LED lights are suitable for hazardous environments. The features of an LED light fixture must therefore be assessed to determine if it can withstand the threats that environment intrinsically has.
Electrical equipment that is faulty can ignite or cause explosions in a hazardous environment. Areas that have concentrations of explosive vapors or dust require light fixtures with safe electrical components and special wiring.
Examples of hazardous locations include grain bins, paint finishing applications, aircraft hangars, gasoline stations, and oil and gas facilities. Such areas might have substances of a hazardous nature in sufficient quantities in the air to ignite or cause an explosion.
In the U.S., hazardous locations are classified in the Articles 500-506 of the National Electric Code® (NEC) and Publication 70 of the Fire Protection Association (NFPA). The NFPA has classified these areas in terms of classes, followed by divisions then zones. These classifications point to the hazardous conditions prevalent in an area. OSHA, whose main mission is to stop work-related illnesses, injuries, and deaths, has adopted the NEC classifications.
Class 1 Division 1 Hazardous Locations
These environments have vapors or flammable gases present in the air in quantities sufficient to produce an ignition or explosion.
Class 1 Division 1 locations have:
Flammable vapors or gases in ignitable concentrations existing in them during normal operations
Vapors or gases in ignitable concentrations frequently occurring due to maintenance or repair operations or at times due to leakages of products
Processes or equipment that may break down or become dysfunctional, releasing ignitable quantities of flammable vapors or gases. Such occurrences could also cause electric equipment failure
Hazardous Location Lighting Groupings
OSHA also does require that lighting products used in these hazardous locations have approved class, group, and temperature range (or operating temperature marks) on them. The agency, however, does not provide a clear definition of what group classifications mean, but it has a note in 29 CFR 1910.307(c)(1). This note points to the group classifications in the National Electric Code and the NFPA 70.
According to the NFPA, hazardous vapors, dusts, and gases groups are classified and characterized by their combustible or ignitable qualities. If you want to ensure that your lighting fixtures meet OSHA's requirements, you should check their markings before purchase. These groupings are outlined in the NEC 2014 as:
|Group||Threat||Maximum Experimental Safe Gap (or MESG Value Required)||Minimum Igniting Current Ratio (or MIC Ratio Required)|
|B||Flammable or combustible gas or liquid which produces vapor that if mixed with air will explode or burn, such as hydrogen||At least 0.45mm||At least 0.40|
|C||Flammable or combustible gas or liquid which produces vapor that if mixed with air will explode or burn, such as Ethylene||0.45mm to 0.75mm||0.40 to 0.80|
|D||Flammable or combustible gas or liquid which produces vapor that if mixed with air will explode or burn, such as Propane||At least 0.75mm||Greater than 0.80|
|E||Metal dust that is combustible in nature from commercial alloys, magnesium, aluminum or any other dust whose conductivity, particle size, and abrasiveness can be a cause of electrical equipment hazard|
|F||Combustible dust from carbon that has at least 8% entrapped volatiles such as charcoal, carbon black, coke, or coal dust|
|G||All other types of combustible dusts outside the groups E and F, including grain, flour, chemicals, wood, or flour dust.|
Light fixtures installed in Class 1 Division 1 areas can play a proactive role in the efficient and safe operations of hazardous industrial facilities. Some of these applications are often enclosed and darkened – with round the clock activity – and are utterly reliant on high-quality illumination.
During the day, such areas also benefit from the lighting provided by light fixtures. Facilities such as grain storages, petrochemical companies, and food processing plants need light fixtures that overcome the challenges mentioned above and offer safe lighting.
What Makes LED Class 1 Div 1 Lights Different?
If the wrong light fixtures are used in Class 1 Division 1 locations, they have a very high potential of causing catastrophic chain reactions that lead to explosions. The traditional HID lamp has an internal pressurized atmosphere. In case the delicate glass bulb suffers damage, it can release an electric spark that could ignite flammable gases or vapors in its surroundings.
Sparks in traditional light fixtures could also be caused by a faulty or overloaded electrical system due to the massive wattages HID lamps utilize. The bulbs also generate light through an oxidative process that produces a lot of infrared energy. This energy causes thermal buildup when the lamp has to operate continuously for long hours. In such high temperatures, an explosion becomes imminent.
LED lights, however, do not have pressurized glass bulbs or tubes that can fracture on impact or through vibrations. In simple terms, these lamps produce light when electrons travel around within their semiconductor structures. To make them hardy, they are built with rugged casings and frames that are scratch-resistant, crack-resistant, and fracture-resistant. They also have lenses made of tempered glass.
In hazardous locations, regular LED lights can still pose a threat of explosion. And while these lights offer better performance compared to traditional lights, thanks to their inbuilt heat sinks that excellently dissipate heat, they are not ideal for hazardous lighting locations as they lack the proper components.
LED Class 1 Div 1 light fixtures have casings made of ultra-durable aluminum that not only protect the internal components from damage but also ensure that any sparks within the fixtures are contained and not released into the atmosphere in case of an explosion.
Intrinsically Safe: LED Class 1 Div 1 Lighting
Some terminologies used in regards to these industrial LED lights can be quite confusing, so we’ll break it down. Explosion proof LED lights can contain an explosion and hinder it from advancing into a fire. Intrinsically safe light fixtures, on the other hand, operate on lowered electrical loads, lowering ignition risk. However, genuine LED Class 1 Div 1 lighting should have its Class, Division, and Group category clearly marked for ease of selection.
Class 1 div 1 rated lights are built to eliminate sparking, which would otherwise potentially ignite in a location with ignitable fumes in the area. We built our class 1 division 1 lighting fixtures to eliminate sparking, making them intrinsically safe LED lights that will remain safe in the harshest and hazardous conditions.
Our explosion proof, Class 1 Division 1 LED light fixture products come in one shape, allowing us to perfect it and make it the best in its class and division, while offering the best possible price.
Alternatively, you can replace hazardous location commercial metal halide or high-pressure sodium class 1 division 1 hazardous location luminaries in your existing explosion proof class 1 division 1 with our industrial grade retrofit units that still meet class 1 division 1 explosion proof light safety standards. Our retrofits are also DLC approved, and offer equivalent lumen output with less power consumption.
How Explosion Proof LED Class 1 Division 1 Lights Are Designed
Light fixtures used in hazardous locations are also referred to as hazardous location light fixtures. They have to withstand the combustible gases and vapors common to these regions. In the event of an explosion, they reduce the risk of explosive reaction from activating explosive substances.
These lights have inbuilt flame paths that prevent ignited vapor or gas from leaking to the surrounding environment. The flame paths are designed to vent the explosion's pressure by forcing the gas to travel though them. As it travels, it is cooled to sufficient levels and then released to the environment without its heat.
Some light fixtures have integrated labyrinth paths, interlocking concentric rings, close tolerance shafts, or conical and acme precision conical threads. These light fixtures last longer and keep the environment around them cool.
Gasketed and enclosed LED explosion proof fixtures have inherent thermal and mechanical engineering properties. For instance, they have internal heat buildup reduction features such as control gears that disperse heat. Reflectors are normally used to ensure higher light efficiency. Using metallurgy techniques as well as bracket placements, heat can also be drawn away from the light fixtures’ internal components and directed out via their casings.
LED Class 1 Division 1 lights are the safest light fixtures there are for production lines as well as maintenance crews working in hazardous locations. These lights last longer and therefore cut down maintenance time and costs that can negatively affect a company’s bottom line.
Retrofitting traditional light bulbs with Class 1 Div 1 LED lights will not only improve employee performance and reduce lighting costs, it will also help you to adhere to industry regulations. These lights are also tunable and emit a fantastic quality of light.
Types of LED Explosion Proof Class 1 Division 1 Lights
Characteristics of LED Class 1 Division 1 Lighting
LED light fixtures for Class 1 Div 1 locations are durable, able to withstand vibrations, shocks, and environmental stress prevalent in industrial locations. Their housings are their first line of defense and have to be vibration-resistant.
- These industrial-grade LED lights are also corrosion-resistant. Without this feature, the light fixtures will give in and break down when exposed to corrosive, flammable vapors. When the housings get corroded, they will expose the internal components to combustible gases or vapors and this may lead to an explosion or fire.
- LED light fixtures are very well suited to hazardous environments because they generally operate at very low temperatures. They never get extremely hot like traditional light sources. Their powerful heat sinks quickly get rid of any heat that builds up to prevent the risk of explosions.
- If a LED light fixture for a class 1 Div 1 hazardous location is not permanently sealed, to prevent the entry of ignitable vapors, it will still have a flame path between the fumes and any potential sources of ignition. Other LED Class 1 Division 1 lights have thickened lenses and optics to keep a barrier between the flammable vapors and their interiors.
- The mounting features for LED Class 1 Div 1 lighting also help separate the lights from the ignitable vapors and gases. The mounts should allow for this without hampering the lighting efficiency of the installations. The lights should not create dark spots or shadows that could become safety hazards and cut down productivity.
- LED Class 1 Div 1 lights have custom optics that help spread light in a uniform pattern. This prevents the formation of dark spots and shadows in work areas.
- Traditional Class 1 Division 1 lights do not last long in hazardous settings. Most HID lamps will get damaged when there are vibrations in the vicinity or if impacted by force. They can, with time, develop flaws due to the harsh conditions in the locations that may cause their bulbs to shatter. If this happens, an explosion may occur, leading to a fire. The great thing about LED industrial lights is that they eliminate the risk of explosions. They are solid-state lights that are hardy and neither have delicate glass bulbs nor short lifespans.
Benefits of LED Class 1 Div 1 Lighting Fixtures
Like any other business, companies in hazardous locations are always looking to increase profits and cash flow by cutting down costs. LED Class 1 Div 1 lighting fixtures offer a reduction in maintenance costs as well as utility bills compared to traditional HID lamps. They increase visibility, enhance productivity, security, and safety, and comply with the set regulations.
For instance, in a petrochemical plant, the lighting costs may be reduced by at least 50%. The LEDs installed will also provide at least 50,000 hours of service. These lights are shock-resistant and vibration-resistant and can endure the hard use prevalent in the oil and gas industry.
The lower energy use will translate to a reduced light bill and also a reduction of the business's carbon footprint. When the lights finally reach their life’s end, their disposal will be easier, because they are made of recyclable components. What’s more, they do not have toxic mercury, unlike older HID bulbs, and will not add to the hazardous waste building up around the globe.
Reducing your class 1 div 1 explosion proof lighting system costs becomes practical and sustainable with industrial LED class 1 div 1 lights. With energy savings up to 75%, you can reduce a tremendous amount of energy consumption. Also save with LED from longer lifespans, reduced maintenance costs, and rebates.
LED lights have high color rendering indexes and a fantastic range of correlated color temperatures (CCTs). This is the reason why they produce high-quality light that can be likened to natural light. A light source’s color rendering index is a measure of its ability to reveal colors naturally or realistically compared to a reference light source. LED lights have high CRI values of 80 and above, which is what makes their light quality so spectacular.
Correlated color temperature tells us the light color a bulb produces. Measured using the Kelvin scale, the CCT accurately measures the color temperature of light. Light can be described as 'cool,' 'neutral,' ‘daylight,’ or 'warm' and this allows lighting designers to choose light colors that are best suited to specific applications.
Warmer lights that usually have the lowest CCTs are perfect for residential use while cooler lights (bright lights) with high color temperatures are best for industrial environments. The high CCTs combined with the high CRI values of LED lights give them a fantastic light quality that’s perfect for vapor-filled or dust-filled hazardous environments.
LED lights are also unidirectional light sources and do not create brightly lit spots and dimly lit ones. This significantly cuts down the occurrence of accidents and mistakes that commonly happen when the light quality is poor.
The high CCT lights generate wavelengths of light that keep employees alert and help curb eye fatigue that can cause drowsiness or migraines. Employees will also be in a better position to perceive color contrasts and fine details during work, which will make them more confident at work and productive.
Safety in an industrial hazardous location which requires Class 1 Division 1 lighting comes in two parts: an approved safe fixture and proper illumination to maintain safe working conditions. Both of these concerns are solved with our class 1 division 1 LED lighting fixtures as they are explosion proof qualified and offer quality light that will meet your facilities lighting standards and requirements for hazardous locations.
In hazardous locations like gas and oil production facilities, the lighting fixtures have to be classified fit for those locations by OSHA. The lights’ engineering separates their internal components, hot surfaces, electrical sparks, and any other ignition source from the combustible vapors and gases.
The corrosion-resistant materials they are made of also shield the light fixtures from wear and tear that may later trigger ignition of the vapors once the internal mechanism is exposed. And because LED lights operate at lower temperature levels than HID lamps, the risk of combustion is significantly reduced. This means that safety will be enhanced in the applications where these lights are installed. High-quality light also creates a sense of safety for employees.
OSHA enforces stringent standards in all Class 1 Division 1 locations for all the lighting equipment installed. LED Class 1 Div 1 lights meet all these requirements, including the National Electrical Code's class, division, and group specifications that minimize explosion risks. We recommend that you purchase LED Class 1 Div 1 lighting fixtures to ensure that your facility steers clear of any OSHA violations, is safe, and has adequate lighting for your employees.
Talk to Us about Class 1 Division 1 LED Lights
The proper application of class 1 div 1 LED lighting fixtures is critical to maintain a safely operating lighting system where perpetual or consistent petrochemicals or other ignitable concentrations & hazardous gases are exposed to the lighting system. For hazardous work site areas where ignitable gases are more contained or ventilated, then a class 1 div 2 lighting fixture (instead of class 1 division 1) may be a suitable option for that location.
Our perfected class 1 division 1 LED lighting fixture products are designed to meet qualifications for these environments along with a UL listing and are DLC approved.
We found that matching this class 1 div 1 light qualification with LED technology allows for companies to maintain a safe lighting system in hazardous locations while reducing energy costs by up to 75% and reducing overall costs of a typical explosion proof class 1 div 1 lighting system.
Over the years, we have installed LED Class 1 Div 1 lights in many hazardous locations. We are experts in explosion proof lighting. Let us help you switch to LED technology easily and effortlessly.